Niagen, what is it?
Niagen is an innovation to the supplement world. The active ingredient Nicotinamide Riboside is fairly unheard of and extremely complicated.
So how does it work?
Niagen works in several ways, particularly by enhancing endurance, brain function, metabolism, energy production and anti ageing. However for now we'll evaluate it's effect on energy output through enhancement of mitochondrial cristae (inner membrane).
Now the mitochondria is an organelle inside a cell, and it is responsible for the production of ATP (energy). This occurs through utilisation of glucose and fatty acids in particular. So how does Nicotinamide Riboside correlate with energy production if it happens inside the mitochondria? Well Nicotinamide Riboside will enhance the size of the inner membrane of the mitochondrion. It has folds known as crista (cristae plural) and these are designed to increase the surface area of the inner membrane. Throughout these cristae is where ATP is produced, and hence, by increasing overall inner membrane size, there is an increase in cristae, which mean more ATP can be synthesised!!! So by enhancing the amount of ATP of which the mitochondria can produce, more glucose and in particular, fatty acids, can be utilised for energy production!